Inside Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA); Largest Protected Area of Nepal

Rich in cultural and geographical diversity, Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) is visited by more than 70,000 tourists every year. One must go past ACA to complete the Annapurna Circuit Trek.

Annapurna Conservation Area


Biking in Annapurna region
Biking in Annapurna region
Annapurna Conservation Area (IUCN Category VI) is the largest protected region in Nepal spanning 7,629 km2 (2,946 sq mi) across 5 different districts and covering 55 VDCs. Along with Gaurishankar, Api Namba, Black buck, Kanchenjunga and Manaslu Conservation Areas, it makes 6 protected regions of Nepal.

It has undertaken an innovative and successful approach to natural resource and tourism management in the Annapurna region. ACAP practices a multiple land use method of resource management, combining environmental protection with sustainable community development and tourism management.


ACA came into existence in 1985 and was gazetted in 1992. It is the largest undertaking of National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) of Nepal. ACAP was formed and operates under the guidance of NTNC and with additional support from Worldwide Fund for Nature (USA) and German Alpine Club. Most of the fund is met through entry fees from the incoming tourists.

Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Manage and Loba are the major inhabitants of the region. The villages of Ghandruk, Chhomrong, Ghorepani located inside ACA are popular for their cultural and architectural richness.

Things to See


  • Flora & Fauna: ACA has 1,226 species of flowering plants, 102 mammals, 474 birds, 39 reptiles and 22 amphibians.
  • Kali Gandaki Gorge: Kali Gandaki is known as the deepest gorge in the world. The gorge separates Dhaulagiri on the west and Annapurna on the east.
  • Ghorepani-Poon Hill: Ghorepani 2,874 m (9,429 ft) is a small village located inside Annapurna Conservation Area, and Poon Hill is located in Ghorpani vicinity popular for enjoying scenery of surrounding mountains.



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